Education System in Philippines

The education system of the Philippines is highly influenced by Spanish, American and Japanese rule and occupation. Of these, the American system of education is highly prevalent. The American colonization of the Philippines started in 1898 and further English became the language of instruction in academic settings. During the American era in the Philippines many schools and colleges were established. In 1908, the University of the Philippines was chartered, representing the first comprehensive public university in the Philippines.

The Formal education system of Philippines takes 14 years; it’s designed around 6 plus 4 plus 4 system of education, i.e.
  • 6 years of primary school education
  • 4 years of secondary school education
  • 4 years of higher education, leading to a bachelor’s degree 
In the Philippines, the academic year starts in June and concludes in March, which is approximately 40 weeks. The Universities and Institutes of Higher Education follow a semester system: fall semester, winter semester and an optional summer term.

6 years of school education is compulsory for every child which lasts from age 7 to 12 years. Completion of 6 years of schooling makes a child eligible to attend junior school. In the new education system both Pilipino (Tagalog) and English are languages of instruction.

The education system in the Philippines is administered and overseen by the Department of Education, a federal department with offices in each of the country’s 13 regions. For latest updates see official website
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